mongoDB 启动与停止

MongoDB是一个基于分布式文件存储的数据库。由C++语言编写。旨在为WEB应用提供可扩展的高性能数据存储解决方案。它以高性能、易部署、易使用,存储数据非常方便等优点被广泛使用。其安装配置相当简单,有如轻量级的mysql,但功能丝毫不差。本文主要描述mongoDB的启动与停止。

一、准备环境


1、当前环境

# more /etc/redhat-release 

CentOS release 6.7 (Final)


2、安装mongod

# which mongod

/var/lib/mongodb/bin/mongod


参考: 

Linux下快速安装MongoDB 

Windows平台下安装MongoDB


3、创建数据目录

# mkdir -pv /data/mongodata/{rs1,rs2,rs3}

# mkdir -pv /var/lib/mongodb/conf


二、启动mongodb


1、基于命令行方式启动mongodb

# mongod --dbpath=/data/mongodata/rs1 --logpath=/data/mongodata/rs1/rs1.log &


缺省端口为

[root@node3 rs1]# netstat -nltp|grep mongod

tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:27017               0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      5062/mongod 


2、基于配置文件的命令行启动

vi /var/lib/mongodb/conf/rs2.conf


port = 27000

dbpath = /data/mongodata/rs2

logpath = /data/mongodata/rs2/rs2.log

smallfiles = true

fork = true

pidfilepath = /var/run/mongo.pid


# mongod --config /var/lib/mongodb/conf/rs2.conf &


### Author : Leshami

### Blog   : http://blog.csdn.net/leshami


# netstat -nltp|grep 27000

tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:27000               0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      5356/mongod    


3、以守护进程方式启动mongodb

# mongod --dbpath=/data/mongodata/rs3 --logpath=/data/mongodata/rs1/rs3.log --fork --port 28000


# netstat -nltp|grep mongod

tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:28000               0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      5465/mongod       

tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:27017               0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      5435/mongod        

tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:27000               0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      5448/mongod


4、使用系统服务的方式启动mogodb

启动脚本


# vi /etc/init.d/mongod


#!/bin/sh  

# chkconfig: 2345 93 18  


#MogoDB home directory  

MONGODB_HOME=/var/lib/mongodb


#mongodb command  

MONGODB_BIN=$MONGODB_HOME/bin/mongod


#mongodb config file

MONGODB_CONF=$MONGODB_HOME/conf/mongodb.conf


#mongodb PID

MONGODB_PID=/var/run/mongo.pid


#set open file limit

SYSTEM_MAXFD=65535


MONGODB_NAME="mongodb"

. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions


if [ ! -f $MONGODB_BIN ]

then

        echo "$MONGODB_NAME startup: $MONGODB_BIN not exists! "  

        exit

fi


start(){

     ulimit -HSn $SYSTEM_MAXFD

     $MONGODB_BIN --config="$MONGODB_CONF"  --fork ##added @20160901

     ret=$?

     if [ $ret -eq 0 ]; then

        action $"Starting $MONGODB_NAME: " /bin/true

     else

        action $"Starting $MONGODB_NAME: " /bin/false

     fi


}


stop(){

        PID=$(ps aux |grep "$MONGODB_NAME" |grep "$MONGODB_CONF" |grep -v grep |wc -l) 

        if [[ $PID -eq 0  ]];then

        action $"Stopping $MONGODB_NAME: " /bin/false

        exit

        fi

        kill -HUP `cat $MONGODB_PID`

        ret=$?

        if [ $ret -eq 0 ]; then

                action $"Stopping $MONGODB_NAME: " /bin/true

                rm -f $MONGODB_PID

        else   

                action $"Stopping $MONGODB_NAME: " /bin/false

        fi


}


restart() {


        stop

        sleep 2

        start

}


case "$1" in

        start)

                start

                ;;

        stop)

                stop

                ;;

        status)

        status $prog

                ;;

        restart)

                restart

                ;;

        *)

                echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart}"

esac


# chmod u+x /etc/init.d/mongod


# service mongod start

about to fork child process, waiting until server is ready for connections.

forked process: 5543

child process started successfully, parent exiting

Starting mongodb:                                          [  OK  ]


三、停止mongoDB


1、向mongod进程发送信号

###SIGINT信号


# ps -ef|grep mongod|grep rs1

root       5435   4914  1 19:13 pts/2    00:00:14 mongod --dbpath=/data/mongodata/rs1 --logpath=/data/mongodata/rs1/rs1.log


# kill -2 5435


2016-08-30T17:02:00.528+0800 I CONTROL[signalProcessingThread] got signal 2(Interrupt), will terminate after current cmd ends

2016-08-30T17:02:00.530+0800 I REPL     [signalProcessingThread] Stopping replication applier threads

2016-08-30T17:02:00.554+0800 I STORAGE  [conn1253] got request after shutdown()

2016-08-30T17:02:00.774+0800 I CONTROL  [signalProcessingThread] now exiting

2016-08-30T17:02:00.774+0800 I NETWORK  [signalProcessingThread] shutdown: going to close listening sockets...

2016-08-30T17:02:00.774+0800 I NETWORK  [signalProcessingThread] closing listening socket: 6

2016-08-30T17:02:00.775+0800 I NETWORK  [signalProcessingThread] closing listening socket: 7

2016-08-30T17:02:00.775+0800 I NETWORK  [signalProcessingThread] removing socket file: /tmp/mongodb-27017.sock

2016-08-30T17:02:00.775+0800 I NETWORK  [signalProcessingThread] shutdown: going to flush diaglog...

2016-08-30T17:02:00.775+0800 I NETWORK  [signalProcessingThread] shutdown: going to close sockets...

2016-08-30T17:02:00.775+0800 I STORAGE  [signalProcessingThread] shutdown: waiting for fs preallocator...

2016-08-30T17:02:00.775+0800 I STORAGE  [signalProcessingThread] shutdown: final commit...

2016-08-30T17:02:00.775+0800 I JOURNAL  [signalProcessingThread] journalCleanup...

2016-08-30T17:02:00.775+0800 I JOURNAL  [signalProcessingThread] removeJournalFiles

2016-08-30T17:02:00.777+0800 I NETWORK  [conn1254] end connection 192.168.1.247:58349 (0 connections now open)

2016-08-30T17:02:00.779+0800 I JOURNAL  [signalProcessingThread] Terminating durability thread ...

2016-08-30T17:02:00.881+0800 I JOURNAL  [journal writer] Journal writer thread stopped

2016-08-30T17:02:00.882+0800 I JOURNAL  [durability] Durability thread stopped

2016-08-30T17:02:00.882+0800 I STORAGE  [signalProcessingThread] shutdown: closing all files...

2016-08-30T17:02:00.884+0800 I STORAGE  [signalProcessingThread] closeAllFiles() finished

2016-08-30T17:02:00.884+0800 I STORAGE  [signalProcessingThread] shutdown: removing fs lock...

2016-08-30T17:02:00.885+0800 I CONTROL  [signalProcessingThread] dbexit:  rc: 0


###SIGTERM信号

# ps -ef|grep mongod|grep rs3


# ps -ef|grep mongod|grep rs3

root  5465 1 1 19:14 ? 00:00:13 mongod --dbpath=/data/mongodata/rs3 --logpath=/data/mongodata/rs1/rs3.log --fork --port 28000

# kill -4 5465


信号     产生方式 

sigint  通过ctrl+c将会对当进程发送此信号 

sigterm kill命令不加参数就是发送这个信号  


对进程的影响

  sigint 信号被当前进程树接收到,也就是说,不仅当前进程会收到信号,它的子进程也会收到

  sigterm只有当前进程收到信号,子进程不会收到。如果当前进程被kill了,那么它的子进程的父进程将会是init,也就是pid为1的进程


上述信号在发出后

        不再接受新的连接请求

        等待现有的连接处理完毕

        关闭所有打开的连接

        将内存的数据写出到磁盘

        安全停止


2、使用系统服务脚本方式停止mongod

        # ps -ef|grep mongod

        root   5675  1  3 19:33 ?   00:00:00 /var/lib/mongodb/bin/mongod --config=/var/lib/mongodb/conf/rs2.conf

        root       5689   4950  0 19:33 pts/3    00:00:00 grep mongod

        [root@node3 conf]# 

        [root@node3 conf]# service mongod stop

        Stopping mongodb:                                          [  OK  ]


3、db.shutdownServer()方式

        # mongo localhost:27000

        > use admin

        > db.shutdownServer()


4、使用命令行方式关闭(补充@20160901)

        # mongod -f /etc/mongo-m.conf  --shutdown


5、强制关闭mongod

        # kill -9 5675

        缺点:

        数据库直接关闭

        数据丢失

        数据文件容易损坏(需要进行修复)

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