Heartbeat+DRBD+NFS 构建高可用的文件系统

            Heartbeat+DRBD+NFS 构建高可用的文件系统



1.实验拓扑图

wKioL1LLu2WQ8UuJAACnRFsdpig847.png

2.修改主机名

vim /etc/sysconfig/network

vim /etc/hosts

drbd1.free.com     drbd2.free.com


3.同步系统时间

ntp

*/10 * * * * ntpdate 202.120.2.101


4.修改hosts可互相解析

vim /etc/hosts


5.安装 drbd

rpm -ivh drbd83-8.3.13-2.el5.centos.x86_64.rpm    //主文件安装

rpm -ivh kmod-drbd83-8.3.13-1.el5.centos.x86_64.rpm --nodeps    //内核文件安装


6.加载内核

modprobe drbd

lsmod | grep drdb


7.修改配置文件

vim /etc/drbd.conf  //在末行模式下输入如下命令

#

# please have a a look at the example configuration file in

# /usr/share/doc/drbd83/drbd.conf

#

# You can find an example in  /usr/share/doc/drbd.../drbd.conf.example

include "drbd.d/global_common.conf";

include "drbd.d/*.res";

: r /usr/share/doc/drbd83-8.3.13/drbd.conf


8.创建共享空间

fdisk /dev/sdb

n --- p

1 --- +10G

w

partprobe


9.配置全局文件

cd /etc/drbd.d

cp global_common.conf global_common.conf.bak

vim global_common.conf

global {

usage-count no;

# minor-count dialog-refresh disable-ip-verification

}

common {

protocol C;

handlers {

pri-on-incon-degr "/usr/lib/drbd/notify-pri-on-incon-degr.sh; /usr/lib/drbd/notify-emergency-reboot.sh; echo b > /proc/sysrq-trigger ; reboot -f";

pri-lost-after-sb "/usr/lib/drbd/notify-pri-lost-after-sb.sh; /usr/lib/drbd/notify-emergency-reboot.sh; echo b > /proc/sysrq-trigger ; reboot -f";

local-io-error "/usr/lib/drbd/notify-io-error.sh; /usr/lib/drbd/notify-emergency-shutdown.sh; echo o > /proc/sysrq-trigger ; halt -f";

# fence-peer "/usr/lib/drbd/crm-fence-peer.sh";

# split-brain "/usr/lib/drbd/notify-split-brain.sh root";

# out-of-sync "/usr/lib/drbd/notify-out-of-sync.sh root";

# before-resync-target "/usr/lib/drbd/snapshot-resync-target-lvm.sh -p 15 -- -c 16k";

# after-resync-target /usr/lib/drbd/unsnapshot-resync-target-lvm.sh;

}

startup {

# wfc-timeout degr-wfc-timeout outdated-wfc-timeout wait-after-sb

 wfc-timeout 120;

 degr-wfc-timeout 120;

}

disk {

# on-io-error fencing use-bmbv no-disk-barrier no-disk-flushes

# no-disk-drain no-md-flushes max-bio-bvecs

on-io-error detach;

                fencing resource-only;

}

net {

# sndbuf-size rcvbuf-size timeout connect-int ping-int ping-timeout max-buffers

# max-epoch-size ko-count allow-two-primaries cram-hmac-alg shared-secret

# after-sb-0pri after-sb-1pri after-sb-2pri data-integrity-alg no-tcp-cork

cram-hmac-alg "sha1";

shared-secret "mydrbdlab";

}

syncer {

# rate after al-extents use-rle cpu-mask verify-alg csums-alg

rate 100M;

}

}


10.定义资源

cd /etc/drbd.d/

vim web.res

resource web {

                on drbd1.free.com {

                        device /dev/drbd0;

                        disk /dev/sda6;

                        address 192.168.18.211:7789;

                        meta-disk internal;

                }

                on drbd2.free.com {

                        device /dev/drbd0;

                        disk /dev/sda6;

                        address 192.168.18.212:7789;

                        meta-disk internal;

                }

}


11.drbd1与drbd2上初始化资源Web 

drbdadm create-md web


12.启动drbd服务

service drbd start


13.查看节点

drbd-overview


14.将drbd1调整为主节点

drbdadm -- --overwrite-data-of-peer primary web

drbd-overview


15.在主节点上创建文件系统

mkfs.ext3 -L drbdweb /dev/drbd0


16.在主节点上创建挂载点,挂载后,写入一个文件

mkdir /mnt/drbd

mount /dev/debd0 /mnt/drbd

cd /mnt/drbd

vim index.html


17.将drbd1.free.com配置成从节点,将drbd2.free.com配置成主节点


       节点一

[root@drbd1 drbd]# cd

[root@drbd1 ~]#

[root@drbd1 ~]# umount /mnt/drbd

[root@drbd1 ~]# drbdadm secondary web

[root@drbd1 ~]# drbdadm role web

 Secondary/Primary

 

      节点二

[root@drbd2 ~]# drbdadm primary web

[root@drbd2 ~]# drbd-overview

0:web  Connected Primary/Secondary UpToDate/UpToDate C r----


      在节点二挂载,查看是否有内容


[root@drbd2 ~]# mkdir /mnt/drbd

[root@drbd2 ~]# mount /dev/drbd0 /mnt/drbd

[root@drbd2 ~]# ll /mnt/drbd/

total 16

-rw-r--r-- 1 root root     0 Jan 20 18:09 index.html    //可以看到已经写入成功

drwx------ 2 root root 16384 Jan 20 18:07 lost+found

注: 测试成功


18.安装Heartbeat

yum install heartbeat*

拷贝配置文件到/etc/ha.d/目录中

cd  /usr/share/doc/heartbeat-2.1.3/

cp ha.cf haresources authkeys /etc/ha.d/


19.配置结点

cd /etc/ha.d/

vim ha.cf

#

#There are lots of options in this file.  All you have to have is a set

#of nodes listed {"node ...} one of {serial, bcast, mcast, or ucast},

#and a value for "auto_failback".

#

#ATTENTION: As the configuration file is read line by line,

#   THE ORDER OF DIRECTIVE MATTERS!

#

#In particular, make sure that the udpport, serial baud rate

#etc. are set before the heartbeat media are defined!

#debug and log file directives go into effect when they

#are encountered.

#

#All will be fine if you keep them ordered as in this example.

#

#

#       Note on logging:

#       If any of debugfile, logfile and logfacility are defined then they

#       will be used. If debugfile and/or logfile are not defined and

#       logfacility is defined then the respective logging and debug

#       messages will be loged to syslog. If logfacility is not defined

#       then debugfile and logfile will be used to log messges. If

#       logfacility is not defined and debugfile and/or logfile are not

#       defined then defaults will be used for debugfile and logfile as

#       required and messages will be sent there.

#

#File to write debug messages to

#debugfile /var/log/ha-debug

#

#

# File to write other messages to

#

#logfile/var/log/ha-log

#

#

#Facility to use for syslog()/logger

#

logfacilitylocal0

#

#

#A note on specifying "how long" times below...

#

#The default time unit is seconds

#10 means ten seconds

#

#You can also specify them in milliseconds

#1500ms means 1.5 seconds

#

#

#keepalive: how long between heartbeats?

#

#keepalive 2

#

#deadtime: how long-to-declare-host-dead?

#

#If you set this too low you will get the problematic

#split-brain (or cluster partition) problem.

#See the FAQ for how to use warntime to tune deadtime.

#

#deadtime 30

#

#warntime: how long before issuing "late heartbeat" warning?

#See the FAQ for how to use warntime to tune deadtime.

#

#warntime 10

#

#

#Very first dead time (initdead)

#

#On some machines/OSes, etc. the network takes a while to come up

#and start working right after you've been rebooted.  As a result

#we have a separate dead time for when things first come up.

#It should be at least twice the normal dead time.

#

#initdead 120

#

#

#What UDP port to use for bcast/ucast communication?

#

#udpport694

#

#Baud rate for serial ports...

#

#baud19200

#

#serialserialportname ...

#serial/dev/ttyS0# Linux

#serial/dev/cuaa0# FreeBSD

#serial /dev/cuad0      # FreeBSD 6.x

#serial/dev/cua/a# Solaris

#

#

#What interfaces to broadcast heartbeats over?

#

bcasteth1# Linux

#bcasteth1 eth2# Linux

#bcastle0# Solaris

#bcastle1 le2# Solaris

#

#Set up a multicast heartbeat medium

#mcast [dev] [mcast group] [port] [ttl] [loop]

#

#[dev]device to send/rcv heartbeats on

#[mcast group]multicast group to join (class D multicast address

#224.0.0.0 - 239.255.255.255)

#[port]udp port to sendto/rcvfrom (set this value to the

#same value as "udpport" above)

#[ttl]the ttl value for outbound heartbeats.  this effects

#how far the multicast packet will propagate.  (0-255)

#Must be greater than zero.

#[loop]toggles loopback for outbound multicast heartbeats.

#if enabled, an outbound packet will be looped back and

#received by the interface it was sent on. (0 or 1)

#Set this value to zero.

#

#

#mcast eth0 225.0.0.1 694 1 0

#

#Set up a unicast / udp heartbeat medium

#ucast [dev] [peer-ip-addr]

#

#[dev]device to send/rcv heartbeats on

#[peer-ip-addr]IP address of peer to send packets to

#

#ucast eth0 192.168.1.2

#

#

#About boolean values...

#

#Any of the following case-insensitive values will work for true:

#true, on, yes, y, 1

#Any of the following case-insensitive values will work for false:

#false, off, no, n, 0

#

#

#

#auto_failback:  determines whether a resource will

#automatically fail back to its "primary" node, or remain

#on whatever node is serving it until that node fails, or

#an administrator intervenes.

#

#The possible values for auto_failback are:

#on- enable automatic failbacks

#off- disable automatic failbacks

#legacy- enable automatic failbacks in systems

#where all nodes do not yet support

#the auto_failback option.

#

#auto_failback "on" and "off" are backwards compatible with the old

#"nice_failback on" setting.

#

#See the FAQ for information on how to convert

#from "legacy" to "on" without a flash cut.

#(i.e., using a "rolling upgrade" process)

#

#The default value for auto_failback is "legacy", which

#will issue a warning at startup.  So, make sure you put

#an auto_failback directive in your ha.cf file.

#(note: auto_failback can be any boolean or "legacy")

#

auto_failback on

#

#

#       Basic STONITH support

#       Using this directive assumes that there is one stonith

#       device in the cluster.  Parameters to this device are

#       read from a configuration file. The format of this line is:

#

#         stonith <stonith_type> <configfile>

#

#       NOTE: it is up to you to maintain this file on each node in the

#       cluster!

#

#stonith baytech /etc/ha.d/conf/stonith.baytech

#

#       STONITH support

#       You can configure multiple stonith devices using this directive.

#       The format of the line is:

#         stonith_host <hostfrom> <stonith_type> <params...>

#         <hostfrom> is the machine the stonith device is attached

#              to or * to mean it is accessible from any host.

#         <stonith_type> is the type of stonith device (a list of

#              supported drives is in /usr/lib/stonith.)

#         <params...> are driver specific parameters.  To see the

#              format for a particular device, run:

#           stonith -l -t <stonith_type>

#

#

#Note that if you put your stonith device access information in

#here, and you make this file publically readable, you're asking

#for a denial of service attack ;-)

#

#To get a list of supported stonith devices, run

#stonith -L

#For detailed information on which stonith devices are supported

#and their detailed configuration options, run this command:

#stonith -h

#

#stonith_host *     baytech 10.0.0.3 mylogin mysecretpassword

#stonith_host ken3  rps10 /dev/ttyS1 kathy 0

#stonith_host kathy rps10 /dev/ttyS1 ken3 0

#

#Watchdog is the watchdog timer.  If our own heart doesn't beat for

#a minute, then our machine will reboot.

#NOTE: If you are using the software watchdog, you very likely

#wish to load the module with the parameter "nowayout=0" or

#compile it without CONFIG_WATCHDOG_NOWAYOUT set. Otherwise even

#an orderly shutdown of heartbeat will trigger a reboot, which is

#very likely NOT what you want.

#

#watchdog /dev/watchdog

#    

#Tell what machines are in the cluster

#nodenodename ...-- must match uname -n

#nodeken3

#nodekathy

nodedrbd1.free.com

nodedrbd2.free.com

#

#Less common options...

#

#Treats 10.10.10.254 as a psuedo-cluster-member

#Used together with ipfail below...

#note: don't use a cluster node as ping node

#

#ping 10.10.10.254

#

#Treats 10.10.10.254 and 10.10.10.253 as a psuedo-cluster-member

#       called group1. If either 10.10.10.254 or 10.10.10.253 are up

#       then group1 is up

#Used together with ipfail below...

#

#ping_group group1 10.10.10.254 10.10.10.253

#

#HBA ping derective for Fiber Channel

#Treats fc-card-name as psudo-cluster-member

#used with ipfail below ...

#

#You can obtain HBAAPI from http://hbaapi.sourceforge.net.  You need

#to get the library specific to your HBA directly from the vender

#To install HBAAPI stuff, all You need to do is to compile the common

#part you obtained from the sourceforge. This will produce libHBAAPI.so

#which you need to copy to /usr/lib. You need also copy hbaapi.h to

#/usr/include.

#

#The fc-card-name is the name obtained from the hbaapitest program

#that is part of the hbaapi package. Running hbaapitest will produce

#a verbose output. One of the first line is similar to:

#Apapter number 0 is named: qlogic-qla2200-0

#Here fc-card-name is qlogic-qla2200-0.

#

#hbaping fc-card-name

#

#

#Processes started and stopped with heartbeat.  Restarted unless

#they exit with rc=100

#

#respawn userid /path/name/to/run

#respawn hacluster /usr/lib/heartbeat/ipfail

#

#Access control for client api

#       default is no access

#

#apiauth client-name gid=gidlist uid=uidlist

#apiauth ipfail gid=haclient uid=hacluster

###########################

#

#Unusual options.

#

###########################

#

#hopfudge maximum hop count minus number of nodes in config

#hopfudge 1

#

#deadping - dead time for ping nodes

#deadping 30

#

#hbgenmethod - Heartbeat generation number creation method

#Normally these are stored on disk and incremented as needed.

#hbgenmethod time

#

#realtime - enable/disable realtime execution (high priority, etc.)

#defaults to on

#realtime off

#

#debug - set debug level

#defaults to zero

#debug 1

#

#API Authentication - replaces the fifo-permissions-based system of the past

#

#

#You can put a uid list and/or a gid list.

#If you put both, then a process is authorized if it qualifies under either

#the uid list, or under the gid list.

#

#The groupname "default" has special meaning.  If it is specified, then

#this will be used for authorizing groupless clients, and any client groups

#not otherwise specified.

#

#There is a subtle exception to this.  "default" will never be used in the

#following cases (actual default auth directives noted in brackets)

#  ipfail (uid=HA_CCMUSER)

#  ccm (uid=HA_CCMUSER)

#  ping(gid=HA_APIGROUP)

#  cl_status(gid=HA_APIGROUP)

#

#This is done to avoid creating a gaping security hole and matches the most

#likely desired configuration.

#

#apiauth ipfail uid=hacluster

#apiauth ccm uid=hacluster

#apiauth cms uid=hacluster

#apiauth ping gid=haclient uid=alanr,root

#apiauth default gid=haclient

# message format in the wire, it can be classic or netstring,

#default: classic

#msgfmt  classic/netstring

#Do we use logging daemon?

#If logging daemon is used, logfile/debugfile/logfacility in this file

#are not meaningful any longer. You should check the config file for logging

#daemon (the default is /etc/logd.cf)

#more infomartion can be fould in http://www.linux-ha.org/ha_2ecf_2fUseLogdDirective

#Setting use_logd to "yes" is recommended

#

# use_logd yes/no

#

#the interval we  reconnect to logging daemon if the previous connection failed

#default: 60 seconds

#conn_logd_time 60

#

#

#Configure compression module

#It could be zlib or bz2, depending on whether u have the corresponding

#libraryin the system.

#compressionbz2

#

#Confiugre compression threshold

#This value determines the threshold to compress a message,

#e.g. if the threshold is 1, then any message with size greater than 1 KB

#will be compressed, the default is 2 (KB)

#compression_threshold 2


20.配置认证文件authkeys

dd if=/dev/random bs=512 count=1 | openssl md5

vim authkeys  //两边节点要一致 drbd1 drbd2

auth 3

3 md5 7eadaabaa7891f4f327918df9af10fc3

chmod 600 authkeys


21.手工创建文件killnfsd

vim resource.d/killnfsd

killall -9 nfsd;

/etc/init.d/nfs restart;

exit 0

chmod 755 resource.d/killnfsd


22.配置加载虚拟IP文件

vim haresources

drbd1.free.com IPaddr::192.168.18.200/24/eth0 drbddisk::webFilesystem::/dev/drbd0::/mnt/drbd::ext3 killnfsd


23.配置NFS服务共享

编写共享

vim /etc/exports

/mnt/drbd        192.168.18.0/24(ro)


导出共享清单

vim /etc/exports

/mnt/drbd        192.168.18.0/24(ro)


修改nfs启动脚本

vim /etc/init.d/nfs

killproc nfsd -9


启动nfs与heartbeat服务

service nfs start

service heartbeat start


24.测试

mkdir /mnt/drbd

mount 192.168.18.200:/mnt/drbd /mnt/drbd/

mount


主节点破坏掉,再检查情况

service heartbeat stop

service drbd status


25.最后将所有服务加入开机自启动

chkconfig nfs on

chkconfig drbd on

chkconfig heartbeat on

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