linux编译安装php5.4

下载
wget http://cn2.php.net/distributions/php-5.4.44.tar.gz
解压
tar zxvf php-5.4.44.tar.gz
提前安装一些依赖包
yum install -y libjpeg-devle libxml2-devel openssl openssl-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel epel-release libmcrypt
yum install -y libmcrypt-devel
配置编译参数:
cd php-5.4.44
./configure \
--prefix=/u01/php \
--with-apxs2=/u01/apache2/bin/apxs \
--with-config-file-path=/u01/php/etc \
--with-mysql=/u01/mysql \
--with-libxml-dir \
--with-gd \
--with-jpeg-dir \
--with-png-dir \
--with-freetype-dir \
--with-iconv-dir \
--with-zlib-dir \
--with-bz2 \
--with-openssl \
--with-mcrypt \
--enable-soap \
--enable-gd-native-ttf \
--enable-mbstring \
--enable-sockets \
--enable-exif \
--disable-ipv6

可能出现的错误及解决办法
configure: error: xml2-config not found. Please check your libxml2 installation.
解决办法是:
yum install -y libxml2-devel
还有错误:
configure: error: Cannot find OpenSSL's <evp.h>
解决办法是:

yum install -y openssl openssl-devel

错误:
checking for BZip2 in default path... not found
configure: error: Please reinstall the BZip2 distribution
解决办法:

yum install -y bzip2 bzip2-devel

错误:
configure: error: png.h not found.
解决办法:

yum install -y libpng libpng-devel

错误:
configure: error: freetype.h not found.
解决办法:

yum install -y freetype freetype-devel

错误:
configure: error: mcrypt.h not found. Please reinstall libmcrypt.
解决办法:

yum install -y epel-release

yum install -y libmcrypt-devel

因为 centos6 默认的 yum 源没有 libmcrypt-devel 这个包,只能借助 epel 的 yum 源。

make&&make install

拷贝 php 配置文件:

cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

修改 apache 配置文件

vi /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf

找到:<Directory />Options FollowSymLinksAllowOverride NoneOrder deny,allowDeny from all</Directory>改为:<Directory />Options FollowSymLinksAllowOverride NoneOrder deny,allowAllow from all</Directory>说明:如果不修改这个地方,我们访问网站会禁止访问,显示 403。然后找到:AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz在该行下面添加:AddType application/x-httpd-php .php说明,要想支持 php 脚本解析,必须要加上对应的类型。再找到:<IfModule dir_module>DirectoryIndex index.html</IfModule>将该行改为:<IfModule dir_module>DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm index.php</IfModule>说明: 增加针对 php 的索引,如果一个站点默认页为 index.php,那么就得加上这个index.php 的支持。再找到:#ServerName www.example.com:80修改为:ServerName localhost:80如果不去掉#,则启动 apache 时,会有警告信息“httpd: Could not reliably determine theserver's fully qualified domain name, using localhost.localdomain for ServerName”,看起来像是错误,其实没有影响。查看配置文件是否有问题:/usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl -t如果显示 Syntax OK,说明配置没问题了。然后启动服务:/usr/local/apache2/bin/apachectl start检查 apache 是否正常启动的命令是:ps aux |grep httpd看有没有进程列表。

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