android – 如何将结构化数据添加到新的联系人Intent

我需要支持 Android 2.1及更高版本.

谷歌发布了一个如何使用ContactsContract的例子,但其中一些使用了从API级别11开始可用的东西,所以我需要即兴发挥,但我被卡住了.

所以,我有这个:

String firstName = contactProperties.get("firstName");
            String lastName = contactProperties.get("lastName");
            String phone = contactProperties.get("phone");
            String email = contactProperties.get("email");
            String company = contactProperties.get("company");
            String postal = contactProperties.get("street") + ", " + contactProperties.get("city") + ", " + contactProperties.get("state") + " " + contactProperties.get("zip") + " " + contactProperties.get("country");

            // Creates a new intent for sending to the device's contacts application
            Intent insertIntent = new Intent(ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.ACTION);

            // Sets the MIME type to the one expected by the insertion activity
            insertIntent.setType(ContactsContract.RawContacts.CONTENT_TYPE);
            insertIntent.putExtra(ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.NAME, firstName + " " + lastName);
            insertIntent.putExtra(ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.EMAIL, email);
            insertIntent.putExtra(ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.PHONE, phone);
            insertIntent.putExtra(ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.COMPANY, company);
            insertIntent.putExtra(ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.POSTAL, postal);

            // Send out the intent to start the device's contacts app in its add contact activity.
            startActivity(insertIntent);

请注意我是如何构建NAME和POSTAL附加组件的.这不适用于所有设备,但是因为某些地址簿分隔了名字和姓氏字段以及city,state和zip字段.因此,我的“解决方案”看起来非常愚蠢:名字字段包含名字和姓氏,街道地址字段具有完整地址.我怎样才能解决这个问题?有人会举个例子吗?

为了记录,这不起作用:

insertIntent.putExtra(ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.StructuredPostal.STREET, contactProperties.get("street"));
insertIntent.putExtra(ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.StructuredPostal.CITY, contactProperties.get("city"));

另请注意,我不想在清单中添加权限以允许写入联系人.这是使用Intent的重点.

试试这个代码对我有用

String Streetname="ZZZZZ";
 ArrayList < ContentProviderOperation > ops = new ArrayList < ContentProviderOperation > ();
    ops.add(ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(
    ContactsContract.RawContacts.CONTENT_URI)
        .withValue(ContactsContract.RawContacts.ACCOUNT_TYPE, null)
        .withValue(ContactsContract.RawContacts.ACCOUNT_NAME, null)
        .build());
   ops.add(ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI)
            .withValueBackReference(ContactsContract.Data.RAW_CONTACT_ID, 0)
            .withValue(ContactsContract.Data.MIMETYPE,
        ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.StructuredPostal.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE)
            .withValue(
        ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.StructuredPostal.STREET,
        Streetname).build());

      try {
        getContentResolver().applyBatch(ContactsContract.AUTHORITY, ops);
    } catch (Exception e) {
                  Log.e(getApplicationContext().toString(), "Exception: " + e.getMessage());
    }

添加到清单

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_CONTACTS"/>
     <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_CONTACTS"/>

更多细节见这篇文章..

How to add new contacts in android

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