oracle – 如何确定PL / SQL语句中的行/值抛出错误?

(Oracle PL / SQL)

如果我有一个简单的SQL语句抛出错误,即:

DECLARE
    v_sql_errm varchar2(2048);
BEGIN
    UPDATE my_table SET my_column = do_something(my_column)
        WHERE my_column IS NOT NULL;
EXCEPTION
    when others then
        -- How can I obtain the row/value causing the error (unknown)?
        v_sql_errm := SQLERRM;
        insert into log_error (msg) values ('Error updating value (unknown): '||
             v_sql_errm);
END;

在异常块中是否有任何方法可以确定查询遇到错误的行/值?我希望能够记录它,以便我可以进入并修改/更正导致错误的特定数据值.

使用SAVE EXCEPTIONS子句的解决方案:

SQL> create table my_table (my_column)
  2  as
  3  select level from dual connect by level <= 9
  4  /

Table created.

SQL> create function do_something
  2  ( p_my_column in my_table.my_column%type
  3  ) return my_table.my_column%type
  4  is
  5  begin
  6    return 10 + p_my_column;
  7  end;
  8  /

Function created.

SQL> alter table my_table add check (my_column not in (12,14))
  2  /

Table altered.

SQL> declare
  2    e_forall_error exception;
  3    pragma exception_init(e_forall_error,-24381)
  4    ;
  5    type t_my_columns is table of my_table.my_column%type;
  6    a_my_columns t_my_columns := t_my_columns()
  7    ;
  8  begin
  9    select my_column
 10           bulk collect into a_my_columns
 11      from my_table
 12    ;
 13    forall i in 1..a_my_columns.count save exceptions
 14      update my_table
 15         set my_column = do_something(a_my_columns(i))
 16       where my_column = a_my_columns(i)
 17    ;
 18  exception
 19  when e_forall_error then
 20    for i in 1..sql%bulk_exceptions.count
 21    loop
 22      dbms_output.put_line(a_my_columns(sql%bulk_exceptions(i).error_index));
 23    end loop;
 24  end;
 25  /
2
4

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

对于非常大的数据集,您可能不希望炸毁PGA内存,因此在这种情况下一定要使用LIMIT子句.

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