跨负载平衡服务器的选择性缓存清除(ASP.Net)

我们有一个运行在两个负载平衡服务器上的网站.我们使用ASP.Net缓存来缓存高使用率数据,从而帮助提高性能.但是,偶尔数据会发生变化.当它发生时,我们需要清除负载平衡服务器上的相关缓存项.有没有人有一些易于实施的建议如何做到这一点?

我知道有一些软件可以为你管理(Microsoft Velocity for one).我也知道有其他选择可以使用单独的状态服务器等.但是,对于我们想要的东西,它们看起来都有点过分.我们现在只需要一种简单的机制来清除服务器上的特定缓存项.

谢谢你的任何建议.

我们使用简单的Web服务方法.我们的缓存清除机制检查Web配置设置以查看是否存在任何其他服务器并异步调用这些服务器上的Web服务.

我们存储具有特定命名对话的数据,以便于清除我们想要的内容.因此,我们传入要删除的项目的前缀或后缀,因为有时它可能是特定于用户的(例如,用户ID附加到项目的名称)或特定于应用程序(例如,项目的前缀是应用程序)名称).

这是一个可以在任何一个节点上调用的ClearItem例程的VB示例:

Public Shared Sub ClearItem(ByVal strPrefix As String, ByVal strPostfix As String)

    If WebConfig.Caching_Enabled() Then

        ' Exit if no criteria specified '
        If IsNothing(strPrefix) AndAlso IsNothing(strPostfix) Then
            Exit Sub
        End If

        ' At the very least we need a Postfix '
        If Not IsNothing(strPostfix) AndAlso Not strPostfix.Length.Equals(0) Then
            _ClearItem(strPrefix, strPostfix)
        End If

        If WebConfig.Caching_WebFarmEnabled() Then
            ' Now clear the cache across the rest of the server farm '
            _ClearItem_WebFarm(strPrefix, strPostfix)
        End If

    End If

End Sub

Private Shared Sub _ClearItem_WebFarm(ByVal strPrefix As String, ByVal strPostfix As String)

    If WebConfig.Caching_WebFarmEnabled() Then

        ' Use a web service on each server in the farm to clear the '
        ' requested item from the Cache '

        ' Determine which servers need to remove cache items '
        Dim arrServers As String()
        arrServers = Split(WebConfig.Caching_WebFarmServers(), "|")

        Dim strServer As String ' Holds which server we are currently contacting ' 

        ' Loop through all the servers and call their web services '
        For Each strServer In arrServers

            Dim WS As New WebServiceAsyncCall
            WS.StartCallBack(strServer, strPrefix, strPostfix)

        Next

    End If

End Sub

Private Shared Sub _ClearItem(ByVal strPrefix As String, ByVal strPostfix As String)

    If WebConfig.Caching_Enabled() Then

        ' Determine how we are comparing keys '
        Dim blnPrefix, blnPostfix As Boolean

        If strPrefix.Length.Equals(0) Then
            blnPrefix = False
        Else
            blnPrefix = True
        End If

        If strPostfix.Length.Equals(0) Then
            blnPostfix = False
        Else
            blnPostfix = True
        End If

        ' Reference the Cache collection '
        Dim objCache As System.Web.Caching.Cache = HttpContext.Current.Cache

        ' Exit if the cache is empty '
        If objCache.Count.Equals(0) Then
            Exit Sub
        End If

        ' Clear out the cache for all items matching the input(s) (on this local server) '
        Dim objCacheEnum As IEnumerator = objCache.GetEnumerator()
        Dim objCacheItem As Object
        Dim objCurrentKey As System.Collections.DictionaryEntry
        Dim strCurrentKey As String

        ' Enumerate through the cache '
        While objCacheEnum.MoveNext()

            objCurrentKey = CType(objCacheEnum.Current, DictionaryEntry)
            strCurrentKey = objCurrentKey.Key.ToString()

            ' How are we comparing the key? '
            If blnPrefix AndAlso Not (blnPostfix) Then ' Only by PREFIX '

                If strCurrentKey.StartsWith(strPrefix) Then
                    ' Remove it from the cache '
                    objCacheItem = objCache.Remove(strCurrentKey) ' Returns a reference to the item '
                    objCacheItem = Nothing ' Need to explicitly nuke this because the objCache.Remove() above doesn t destroy '
                End If

            ElseIf Not (blnPrefix) AndAlso blnPostfix Then ' Only by POSTFIX '

                If strCurrentKey.EndsWith(strPostfix) Then
                    ' Remove it from the cache '
                    objCacheItem = objCache.Remove(strCurrentKey) ' Returns a reference to the item '
                    objCacheItem = Nothing ' Need to explicitly nuke this because the objCache.Remove() above doesn t destroy '
                End If

            ElseIf blnPrefix AndAlso blnPostfix Then ' By both PREFIX and POSTFIX'

                If strCurrentKey.StartsWith(strPrefix) AndAlso strCurrentKey.EndsWith(strPostfix) Then
                    ' Remove it from the cache '
                    objCacheItem = objCache.Remove(strCurrentKey) ' Returns a reference to the item '
                    objCacheItem = Nothing ' Need to explicitly nuke this because the objCache.Remove() above doesn t destroy '
                End If

            Else
                ' Not comparing prefix OR postfix? Why bother continuing then! '
                Exit Sub
            End If

        End While

    End If

End Sub

您可以看到上面的代码使用此帮助程序类调用其他服务器:

Private Class WebServiceAsyncCall

    Public Sub StartCallBack(ByVal strService As String, ByVal strPrefix As String, ByVal strPostfix As String)

        ActiveWebServiceCounter += 1

        Dim clearCacheProxy As New CacheClearService.CacheClear ' This is the web service which of course will exist on the other node as well '
        clearCacheProxy.Url = strService

        AddHandler clearCacheProxy.ClearItemCompleted, AddressOf DoneCallBack

        clearCacheProxy.ClearItemAsync(strPrefix, strPostfix)

    End Sub

    Public Sub DoneCallBack(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As CacheClearService.ClearItemCompletedEventArgs)

        ActiveWebServiceCounter -= 1

        If e.Result.Length > 0 Then ' Something failed '
            ' Log the error '
        End If

    End Sub

End Class

然后,远程服务器上的Web服务调用_ClearItem调用的相同代码.

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