用NHibernate查询

我是NHibernate的新手,我正在尝试学习如何查询我的数据.

下面是配置xml.仅显示配方.

我希望能够通过输入的关键字中的recipetitle查询配方
以及来自ingredientname的成分.

所以你可以输入“面食酒”.

这是我尝试过但却给我一个错误.

hql = "from Recipe r " +
    "left join r.Images " +
    "inner join r.User " +
    "inner join r.Ingredients i " +
    "where i.IngredientName Like '%pasta%' OR i.IngredientName Like '%wine%' OR r.RecipeTitle Like '%pasta' OR r.RecipeTitle Like '%wine%'";

我也想加载收藏品.

我要查询对吗?
我需要能够根据我的搜索条件构建查询字符串.
这在SQL中很容易形成.

马尔科姆

<class name="Recipe" table="Recipes" xmlns="urn:nhibernate-mapping-2.2">
    <id name="RecipeID" type="Int32" column="RecipeID">
      <generator class="identity" />
    </id>
    <property name="RecipeTitle" type="String">
      <column name="RecipeTitle" />
    </property>
    <property name="Completed" type="Boolean">
      <column name="Completed" />
    </property>
    <property name="ModifiedOn" type="DateTime">
      <column name="ModifiedOn" />
    </property>
    <property name="Rating" type="Double">
      <column name="Rating" />
    </property>
    <property name="PrepTime" type="Int32">
      <column name="PrepTime" />
    </property>
    <property name="CookTime" type="Int32">
      <column name="CookTime" />
    </property>
    <property name="Method" type="String">
      <column name="Method" />
    </property>
    <bag name="Images" inverse="true" cascade="all">
      <key column="RecipeID" />
      <one-to-many class="OurRecipes.Domain.RecipeImage, OurRecipes.Domain, Version=1.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=null" />
    </bag>
    <many-to-one name="Category" column="CategoryID" />
    <bag name="Comments" inverse="true" cascade="all">
      <key column="RecipeID" />
      <one-to-many class="OurRecipes.Domain.Comment, OurRecipes.Domain, Version=1.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=null" />
    </bag>
    <many-to-one name="User" column="EnteredByID" />
    <bag name="Ingredients" inverse="true" cascade="all">
      <key column="RecipeID" />
      <one-to-many class="OurRecipes.Domain.Ingredient, OurRecipes.Domain, Version=1.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=null" />
    </bag>
  </class>
要构建动态查询,我会使用条件API.这使得动态查询更加稳定,因为您不需要字符串操作来构建它.

ICriteria query = Session.CreateCriteria(typeof(Recipe), "r")
  .CreateCriteria("Ingredients", "i", JoinType.InnerJoin)
  .Add(
    Expression.Disjunction() // OR
      .Add(Expression.Like("i.IngredientName", "%pasta%"))
      .Add(Expression.Like("i.IngredientName", "%wine%"))
      .Add(Expression.Like("r.RecipeTitle", "%pasta%"))
      .Add(Expression.Like("r.RecipeTitle", "%wine%")));

List<Recipe> result = query.List<Recipe>();

编辑:

对于急切加载,您可以设置获取模式:

ICriteria query = Session.CreateCriteria(typeof(Recipe), "r")
  .SetFetchMode("Images", FetchMode.Join)
  .SetFetchMode("Comments", FetchMode.Join)
  .SetFetchMode("Ingredients", FetchMode.Join)

但我不会这样做,因为你得到的结果乘以图像,评论和成分的数量.因此,如果您有4张图片,2条评论和12种成分,您可以获得96次食谱.您无法识别这一点,因为NHibernate会再次将事物放在一起,但它会在应用程序和数据库之间产生流量.所以最好让NHibernate用单独的查询加载它.

还有一个编辑来显示动态查询组合.

// filter arguments, all are optional and should be omitted if null
List<string> keywords;
TimeSpan? minCookingTime;
TimeSpan? maxCookingTime;
int? minRating;
int? maxRating;

ICriteria query = Session.CreateCriteria(typeof(Recipe), "r");

if (keyword != null)
{
  // optional join
  query.CreateCriteria("Ingredients", "i", JoinType.InnerJoin);

  // add keyword search on ingredientName and RecipeTitle
  var disjunction = Expression.Disjunction();
  foreach (string keyword in keywords)
  {
    string pattern = String.Format("%{0}%", keyword);
    disjunction
      .Add(Expression.Like("i.IngredientName", pattern))
      .Add(Expression.Like("r.RecipeTitle", pattern)); 
  }
  query.Add(disjunction)
}

if (minCookingTime != null)
{
  query.Add(Expression.Ge(r.CookingTime, minCookingTime.Value));
}
if (maxCookingTime != null)
{
  query.Add(Expression.Le(r.CookingTime, maxCookingTime.Value));
}

if (minRating != null)
{
  query.Add(Expression.Ge(r.Rating, minRating.Value));
}
if (maxRating != null)
{
  query.Add(Expression.Le(r.Rating, maxRating.Value));
}
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