Hadoop常见问题及解决方案

问题一:  
2010-10-18 01:18:45,050 ERROR  org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.datanode.DataNode: java.io.IOException: Incompatible namespaceIDs in /usr/local/hadoop/tmp/dfs/data: namenode namespaceID = 1501733340; datanode namespaceID = 1262603975
    at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.datanode.DataStorage.doTransition(DataStorage.java:233)
    at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.datanode.DataStorage.recoverTransitionRead(DataStorage.java:148)
    at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.datanode.DataNode.startDataNode(DataNode.java:298)
    at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.datanode.DataNode.<init>(DataNode.java:216)
    at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.datanode.DataNode.makeInstance(DataNode.java:1283)
    at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.datanode.DataNode.instantiateDataNode(DataNode.java:1238)
    at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.datanode.DataNode.createDataNode(DataNode.java:1246)
    at org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.datanode.DataNode.main(DataNode.java:1368)

解决方案:  
1、停止集群
$./stop-all.sh
2、删除在hdfs中配置的data目录下面的所有数据;
$ rm -rf /usr/local/hadoop/filesystem/data/
3、重新格式化namenode
$ ./hadoop namenode -format
4、重新启动hadoop集群
$./start-all.sh

问题二:  
WARNING : There are about 1 missing blocks. Please check the log or run fsck.  
解决方案:
$ bin/hadoop fsck /  
/home/zhaozheng/hdfs/README.txt: CORRUPT block blk_4085337189286784361

/home/zhaozheng/hdfs/README.txt: MISSING 1 blocks of total size 1366 B.Status: CORRUPT
 Total size:    1366 B
 Total dirs:    0
 Total files:    1
 Total blocks (validated):    1 (avg. block size 1366 B)
  ********************************
  CORRUPT FILES:    1
  MISSING BLOCKS:    1
  MISSING SIZE:        1366 B
  CORRUPT BLOCKS:     1
  ********************************
 Minimally replicated blocks:    0 (0.0 %)
 Over-replicated blocks:    0 (0.0 %)
 Under-replicated blocks:    0 (0.0 %)
 Mis-replicated blocks:        0 (0.0 %)
 Default replication factor:    2
 Average block replication:    0.0
 Corrupt blocks:        1
 Missing replicas:        0
 Number of data-nodes:        2
 Number of racks:        1

$bin/hadoop dfs -rm /home/zhaozheng/hdfs/README.txt
$bin/hadoop fsck /
 
.Status: HEALTHY
 Total size:    4 B
 Total dirs:    12
 Total files:    1
 Total blocks (validated):    1 (avg. block size 4 B)
 Minimally replicated blocks:    1 (100.0 %)
 Over-replicated blocks:    0 (0.0 %)
 Under-replicated blocks:    0 (0.0 %)
 Mis-replicated blocks:        0 (0.0 %)
 Default replication factor:    2
 Average block replication:    2.0
 Corrupt blocks:        0
 Missing replicas:        0 (0.0 %)
 Number of data-nodes:        2
 Number of racks:        1

问题三:  
org.apache.hadoop.ipc.RemoteException: org.apache.hadoop.hdfs.server.namenode.SafeModeException: Cannot delete /usr/local/hadoop/tmp/mapred/system. Name node is in safe mode.  
解决方案:  
$bin/hadoop dfsadmin -safemode leave #关闭safe mode
Safe mode is OFF
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