PostgreSQL启动恢复读取checkpoint记录失败的条件

1、首先读取ControlFile->checkPoint指向的checkpoint
2、如果读取失败,slave直接abort退出,master再次读取ControlFile->prevCheckPoint指向的checkpoint
StartupXLOG->
    |--checkPointLoc = ControlFile->checkPoint;
    |--record = ReadCheckpointRecord(xlogreader, checkPointLoc, 1, true):
    |-- if (record != NULL){
           ...
        }else if (StandbyMode){
            ereport(PANIC,(errmsg("could not locate a valid checkpoint record")));
        }else{
            checkPointLoc = ControlFile->prevCheckPoint;
            record = ReadCheckpointRecord(xlogreader, checkPointLoc, 2, true);
            if (record != NULL){
                InRecovery = true;//标记下面进入recovery
            }else{
                ereport(PANIC,(errmsg("could not locate a valid checkpoint record")));
            }
        }

一、那么什么条件下读取的checkpoint记录record==NULL?

1、ControlFile->checkPoint % XLOG_BLCKSZ < SizeOfXLogShortPHD
2、ReadRecord(xlogreader, ControlFile->checkPoint, LOG, true)返回NULL
3、ReadRecord读到的record!=NULL && record->xl_rmid != RM_XLOG_ID
4、ReadRecord读到的record!=NULL && info != XLOG_CHECKPOINT_SHUTDOWN && info != XLOG_CHECKPOINT_ONLINE
5、ReadRecord读到的record!=NULL && record->xl_tot_len != SizeOfXLogRecord + SizeOfXLogRecordDataHeaderShort + sizeof(CheckPoint)

二、ReadRecord函数返回NULL的条件

ReadRecord(xlogreader, ControlFile->checkPoint, LOG, true)
    |--record = XLogReadRecord(xlogreader, ControlFile->checkPoint, &errormsg);
    |-- 2.1 record==NULL && !StandbyMode
    |-- 2.2 record!=NULL && !tliInHistory(xlogreader->latestPageTLI, expectedTLEs)
    /*-----
    note:只要读取了一页xlog,就会赋值为该页第一个记录的时间线
    XLogReaderValidatePageHeader
        -->xlogreader->latestPageTLI=hdr->xlp_tli;
    ------*/

三、XlogReadRecord读取checkpoint返回NULL的条件?

XLogReadRecord(xlogreader, ControlFile->checkPoint, &errormsg)
    targetPagePtr = ControlFile->checkPoint - (ControlFile->checkPoint % XLOG_BLCKSZ);
    targetRecOff = ControlFile->checkPoint % XLOG_BLCKSZ;
    readOff = ReadPageInternal(state,targetPagePtr, Min(targetRecOff + SizeOfXLogRecord, XLOG_BLCKSZ));
    pageHeaderSize = XLogPageHeaderSize((XLogPageHeader) state->readBuf);
    record = (XLogRecord *) (state->readBuf + RecPtr % XLOG_BLCKSZ);
    total_len = record->xl_tot_len;
    -------------
    1、readOff < 0
    2、0< targetRecOff < pageHeaderSize
    3、(((XLogPageHeader) state->readBuf)->xlp_info & XLP_FIRST_IS_CONTRECORD) && targetRecOff == pageHeaderSize
       page头有跨页的record并且checkpoint定位的偏移正好在页头尾部
    4、targetRecOff <= XLOG_BLCKSZ - SizeOfXLogRecord && 
       !ValidXLogRecordHeader(state, ControlFile->checkPoint, state->ReadRecPtr, record,randAccess)
       ---(record->xl_tot_len < SizeOfXLogRecord || record->xl_rmid > RM_MAX_ID || record->xl_prev != state->ReadRecPtr)
    5、targetRecOff > XLOG_BLCKSZ - SizeOfXLogRecord && total_len < SizeOfXLogRecord
    6、total_len > state->readRecordBufSize && !allocate_recordbuf(state, total_len)
       一旦该记录损坏,total_len的长度非常大的话,就需要allocate_recordbuf扩展state->readbuf,可能因此分配失败abort
       记录的checksum需要等待全部读取完整记录后才校验
    -------------

三、ReadPageInternal返回的readOff返回小于0的条件

ReadPageInternal(state,targetPagePtr, Min(targetRecOff + SizeOfXLogRecord, XLOG_BLCKSZ))
    1、第一次read wal文件,readLen = state->read_page:读取第一页。readLen < 0
    2、readLen>0 && !XLogReaderValidatePageHeader(state, targetSegmentPtr, state->readBuf)
    --
    3、读取checkpoint所在页readLen = state->read_page: readLen < 0
    4、readLen > 0 && readLen <= SizeOfXLogShortPHD
    5、!XLogReaderValidatePageHeader(state, pageptr, (char *) hdr)

四、XLogPageRead何时返回值<0 ?

/*
    1、WaitForWALToBecomeAvailable open失败
    2、lseek 失败 && !StandbyMode
    3、read失败 && !StandbyMode
    4、校验page头失败 && !StandbyMode
    如果是StandbyMode,则会重新retry->WaitForWALToBecomeAvailable,切换日志源进行open
    */
    !WaitForWALToBecomeAvailable(targetPagePtr + reqLen,private->randAccess,1,targetRecPtr)//open
    |-- return -1
    readOff = targetPageOff;
    if (lseek(readFile, (off_t) readOff, SEEK_SET) < 0){
        !StandbyMode:: return -1
    }
    if (read(readFile, readBuf, XLOG_BLCKSZ) != XLOG_BLCKSZ){
        !StandbyMode:: return -1
    }
    XLogReaderValidatePageHeader(xlogreader, targetPagePtr, readBuf)
    !StandbyMode:: return -1

五、WaitForWALToBecomeAvailable何时返回false?

--XLOG_FROM_ARCHIVE | XLOG_FROM_PG_WAL
    1、先XLogFileReadAnyTLI open日志:
        1、遍历时间线列表里的每一个时间线,从最新的开始
        2、当读取checkpoint的时候,source是XLOG_FROM_ANY
        3、先找归档的日志进行open;如果open失败再找WAL日志进行open
        4、如果都没有open成功,则向前找时间线,open前一个时间线segno和文件号相同的文件进行open
        5、open成功后expectedTLEs被赋值为当前时间线列表的所有值
    2、如果open失败,则切换日志源:XLOG_FROM_ARCHIVE | XLOG_FROM_PG_WAL -> XLOG_FROM_STREAM
    3、切换日志源后,XLOG_FROM_ARCHIVE | XLOG_FROM_PG_WAL 则:
       slave && promote :return false
       !StandbyMode:return false
    --XLOG_FROM_STREAM
    1、!WalRcvStreaming()即receiver进程挂了,切换日志源
    2、CheckForStandbyTrigger()切换日志源
    3、XLOG_FROM_STREAM->XLOG_FROM_ARCHIVE
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