268. Missing Number

Given an array containing n distinct numbers taken from 0, 1, 2, ..., n, find the one that is missing from the array.

Example 1:

Input: [3,0,1]
Output: 2

Example 2:

Input: [9,6,4,2,3,5,7,0,1]
Output: 8

Note:
Your algorithm should run in linear runtime complexity. Could you implement it using only constant extra space complexity?

class Solution {
    public int missingNumber(int[] nums) {
        Arrays.sort(nums);
        for(int i = 0; i < nums.length; i++){
            if(i != nums[i]) return i;
        }
        return nums.length;
    }
}

注意考虑都在的情况(返回数组长)

class Solution {
    public int missingNumber(int[] nums) {
        int k1 = 0, k2 = 0;
        for(int i = 0; i < nums.length; i++){
            k1 += nums[i];
            k2 += (i+1);
        }
        return k2 - k1;
    }
}

或者计算原本应该有的值大小,再减去数组之和就是miss掉的。

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