c# – 如何使用SignalR Hubs从服务器发送消息到客户端

我刚开始探索signalR,我想能够从服务器发送消息给所有的客户端.

这是我的中枢

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using SignalR;
using SignalR.Hubs;
using SignalR.Hosting.Common;
using SignalR.Hosting.AspNet;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

namespace MvcApplication1
{
    public class Chat : Hub
    {
        public void Send(String message)
        {
            // Call the addMessage methods on all clients
            Clients.addMessage(message);
        }
    }
}

这是我的客户页面

<script type="text/javascript">

         $(function () {

             //Proxy created on the fly
             var chat = $.connection.chat;

             // Declare a function on the chat hub so the server can invoke it
             chat.addMessage = function (message) {
                 $("#messages").append("<li>" + message + "</li>");
             };

             $("#broadcast").click(function () {
                 // call the chat method on the server
                 chat.send($("#msg").val());
             });

             $.connection.hub.start();
         });
    </script>


}



<input type="text" id="msg" />
        <input type="button" id="broadcast" value="broadcast" />

        <ul id="messages" class="round">


        </ul>

这一切都很完美,我可以在两个不同的浏览器之间进行“聊天”.

接下来我想做的是发起从服务器到所有客户端的消息.

所以我试过了

using SignalR;
using System.Web.Http;
using System.Web.Mvc;
using System.Web.Optimization;
using System.Web.Routing;
using System;
using System.Web.Routing;
using SignalR;
using SignalR.Hubs;

namespace MvcApplication1
{
    // Note: For instructions on enabling IIS6 or IIS7 classic mode, 
    // visit http://go.microsoft.com/?LinkId=9394801

    public class MvcApplication : System.Web.HttpApplication
    {
        protected void Application_Start()
        {            
            var aTimer = new System.Timers.Timer(1000);

            aTimer.Elapsed += aTimer_Elapsed;
            aTimer.Interval = 3000;
            aTimer.Enabled = true;

            AreaRegistration.RegisterAllAreas();

            WebApiConfig.Register(GlobalConfiguration.Configuration);
            FilterConfig.RegisterGlobalFilters(GlobalFilters.Filters);
            RouteConfig.RegisterRoutes(RouteTable.Routes);
            BundleConfig.RegisterBundles(BundleTable.Bundles);
            AuthConfig.RegisterAuth();
        }

        void aTimer_Elapsed(object sender, System.Timers.ElapsedEventArgs e)
        {
            var context = GlobalHost.ConnectionManager.GetHubContext<Chat>();
            context.Clients.Send("Hello");      
        }
    }
}

这似乎不起作用计时器工作,“aTimer_Elapsed”事件处理程序每​​3秒运行一次,但聊天中心上的“发送”方法永远不会运行.

有任何想法吗?

我认为应该是

void aTimer_Elapsed(object sender, System.Timers.ElapsedEventArgs e)
    {
        var context = GlobalHost.ConnectionManager.GetHubContext<Chat>();
        context.Clients.All.addMessage("Hello");      
    }

代替.使用发送您正在调用客户端使用的方法来调用服务器…

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