python – 渐变facecolor matplotlib条形图

如何在条形图中添加渐变面色?我想知道如何使用简单的单色渐变来复杂多色渐变.这是一些示例代码:

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

plt.figure(figsize=(1,5))
plt.axis([0,1,-50,200])
plt.xticks([])
plt.yticks([-40,180])
plt.bar(left=0, width=1, bottom=-40, height=220, color='r')
plt.subplots_adjust(left=0.4, right=0.8)
plt.savefig("test.png")
import numpy as np
import matplotlib as mpl
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# http://matplotlib.sourceforge.net/examples/api/colorbar_only.html

fig=plt.figure(figsize=(1,5))
ax=fig.add_subplot(111)
ax.axis([0,1,-50,200])
cmap = mpl.cm.jet
norm = mpl.colors.Normalize(vmin=-40, vmax=180)
cb1 = mpl.colorbar.ColorbarBase(ax, cmap=cmap,
                                orientation='vertical',                                
                                norm=norm,
                                ticks=[-40,180]
                                )

plt.subplots_adjust(left=0.4, right=0.8)
plt.show()
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