java生成二维码 并调用二维码打印机

自己折腾了好久,百度、google了半天,发现java生成二维码的文章倒是很多,但是调用二维码打印的就很少了,好多打印出来要么是二维码占用好几张纸,要么就是多出4、5张白纸,浪费了我不少的条码纸,最终还是搞定了,在这里将代码记录下来,也方便大家,希望能对大家有帮助。

首先是工具类BufferedImageLuminanceSource

package com.lc.erwei.qcoder;

import java.awt.Graphics2D;
import java.awt.geom.AffineTransform;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;

import com.google.zxing.LuminanceSource;

public class BufferedImageLuminanceSource extends LuminanceSource {
	private final BufferedImage image;
	private final int left;
	private final int top;

	public BufferedImageLuminanceSource(BufferedImage image) {
		this(image, 0, 0, image.getWidth(), image.getHeight());
	}

	public BufferedImageLuminanceSource(BufferedImage image, int left, int top, int width, int height) {
		super(width, height);

		int sourceWidth = image.getWidth();
		int sourceHeight = image.getHeight();
		if (left + width > sourceWidth || top + height > sourceHeight) {
			throw new IllegalArgumentException("Crop rectangle does not fit within image data.");
		}

		for (int y = top; y < top + height; y++) {
			for (int x = left; x < left + width; x++) {
				if ((image.getRGB(x, y) & 0xFF000000) == 0) {
					image.setRGB(x, y, 0xFFFFFFFF); // = white
				}
			}
		}

		this.image = new BufferedImage(sourceWidth, sourceHeight, BufferedImage.TYPE_BYTE_GRAY);
		this.image.getGraphics().drawImage(image, 0, 0, null);
		this.left = left;
		this.top = top;
	}

	public byte[] getRow(int y, byte[] row) {
		if (y < 0 || y >= getHeight()) {
			throw new IllegalArgumentException("Requested row is outside the image: " + y);
		}
		int width = getWidth();
		if (row == null || row.length < width) {
			row = new byte[width];
		}
		image.getRaster().getDataElements(left, top + y, width, 1, row);
		return row;
	}

	public byte[] getMatrix() {
		int width = getWidth();
		int height = getHeight();
		int area = width * height;
		byte[] matrix = new byte[area];
		image.getRaster().getDataElements(left, top, width, height, matrix);
		return matrix;
	}

	public boolean isCropSupported() {
		return true;
	}

	public LuminanceSource crop(int left, int top, int width, int height) {
		return new BufferedImageLuminanceSource(image, this.left + left, this.top + top, width, height);
	}

	public boolean isRotateSupported() {
		return true;
	}

	public LuminanceSource rotateCounterClockwise() {
		int sourceWidth = image.getWidth();
		int sourceHeight = image.getHeight();
		AffineTransform transform = new AffineTransform(0.0, -1.0, 1.0, 0.0, 0.0, sourceWidth);
		BufferedImage rotatedImage = new BufferedImage(sourceHeight, sourceWidth, BufferedImage.TYPE_BYTE_GRAY);
		Graphics2D g = rotatedImage.createGraphics();
		g.drawImage(image, transform, null);
		g.dispose();
		int width = getWidth();
		return new BufferedImageLuminanceSource(rotatedImage, top, sourceWidth - (left + width), getHeight(), width);
	}
}

然后是生成二维码和打印的类

import java.awt.BasicStroke;
import java.awt.Graphics;
import java.awt.Graphics2D;
import java.awt.Image;
import java.awt.Shape;
import java.awt.geom.RoundRectangle2D;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.util.Hashtable;
import java.util.Random;

import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
import javax.print.Doc;
import javax.print.DocFlavor;
import javax.print.DocPrintJob;
import javax.print.PrintException;
import javax.print.PrintService;
import javax.print.PrintServiceLookup;
import javax.print.SimpleDoc;
import javax.print.attribute.DocAttributeSet;
import javax.print.attribute.HashDocAttributeSet;
import javax.print.attribute.HashPrintRequestAttributeSet;
import javax.print.attribute.PrintRequestAttributeSet;
import javax.print.attribute.standard.Copies;
import javax.print.attribute.standard.MediaPrintableArea;
import javax.print.attribute.standard.MediaSizeName;

import com.google.zxing.BarcodeFormat;
import com.google.zxing.BinaryBitmap;
import com.google.zxing.DecodeHintType;
import com.google.zxing.EncodeHintType;
import com.google.zxing.MultiFormatReader;
import com.google.zxing.MultiFormatWriter;
import com.google.zxing.Result;
import com.google.zxing.common.BitMatrix;
import com.google.zxing.common.HybridBinarizer;
import com.google.zxing.qrcode.decoder.ErrorCorrectionLevel;

public class QRCodeUtil {

	private static final String CHARSET = "utf-8";
	private static final String FORMAT_NAME = "JPG";
	// 二维码尺寸
	private static final int QRCODE_SIZE = 300;
	// LOGO宽度
	private static final int WIDTH = 60;
	// LOGO高度
	private static final int HEIGHT = 60;

	private static BufferedImage createImage(String content, String imgPath, boolean needCompress) throws Exception {
		Hashtable<EncodeHintType, Object> hints = new Hashtable<EncodeHintType, Object>();
		hints.put(EncodeHintType.ERROR_CORRECTION, ErrorCorrectionLevel.H);
		hints.put(EncodeHintType.CHARACTER_SET, CHARSET);
		hints.put(EncodeHintType.MARGIN, 1);
		BitMatrix bitMatrix = new MultiFormatWriter().encode(content, BarcodeFormat.QR_CODE, QRCODE_SIZE, QRCODE_SIZE, hints);
		int width = bitMatrix.getWidth();
		int height = bitMatrix.getHeight();
		BufferedImage image = new BufferedImage(width, height, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);
		for (int x = 0; x < width; x++) {
			for (int y = 0; y < height; y++) {
				image.setRGB(x, y, bitMatrix.get(x, y) ? 0xFF000000 : 0xFFFFFFFF);
			}
		}
		if (imgPath == null || "".equals(imgPath)) {
			return image;
		}
		// 插入图片
		QRCodeUtil.insertImage(image, imgPath, needCompress);
		return image;
	}

	private static void insertImage(BufferedImage source, String imgPath, boolean needCompress) throws Exception {
		File file = new File(imgPath);
		if (!file.exists()) {
			System.err.println("" + imgPath + " 二维logo不存在!");
			return;
		}
		Image src = ImageIO.read(new File(imgPath));
		int width = src.getWidth(null);
		int height = src.getHeight(null);
		if (needCompress) { // 压缩LOGO
			if (width > WIDTH) {
				width = WIDTH;
			}
			if (height > HEIGHT) {
				height = HEIGHT;
			}
			Image image = src.getScaledInstance(width, height, Image.SCALE_SMOOTH);
			BufferedImage tag = new BufferedImage(width, height, BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);
			Graphics g = tag.getGraphics();
			g.drawImage(image, 0, 0, null); // 绘制缩小后的图
			g.dispose();
			src = image;
		}
		// 插入LOGO
		Graphics2D graph = source.createGraphics();
		int x = (QRCODE_SIZE - width) / 2;
		int y = (QRCODE_SIZE - height) / 2;
		graph.drawImage(src, x, y, width, height, null);
		Shape shape = new RoundRectangle2D.Float(x, y, width, width, 6, 6);
		graph.setStroke(new BasicStroke(3f));
		graph.draw(shape);
		graph.dispose();
	}

	public static void encode(String content, String imgPath, String destPath, boolean needCompress) throws Exception {
		BufferedImage image = QRCodeUtil.createImage(content, imgPath, needCompress);
		mkdirs(destPath);
		// 二维码图片
		String file = new Random().nextInt(99999999) + ".jpg";
		ImageIO.write(image, FORMAT_NAME, new File(destPath + "/" + file));
	}

	public static void mkdirs(String destPath) {
		File file = new File(destPath);
		// 当文件夹不存在时,mkdirs会自动创建多层目录,区别于mkdir.(mkdir如果父目录不存在则会抛出异常)
		if (!file.exists() && !file.isDirectory()) {
			file.mkdirs();
		}
	}

	public static void encode(String content, String imgPath, String destPath) throws Exception {
		QRCodeUtil.encode(content, imgPath, destPath, false);
	}

	public static void encode(String content, String destPath, boolean needCompress) throws Exception {
		QRCodeUtil.encode(content, null, destPath, needCompress);
	}

	public static void encode(String content, String destPath) throws Exception {
		QRCodeUtil.encode(content, null, destPath, false);
	}

	public static void encode(String content, String imgPath, OutputStream output, boolean needCompress) throws Exception {
		BufferedImage image = QRCodeUtil.createImage(content, imgPath, needCompress);
		ImageIO.write(image, FORMAT_NAME, output);
	}

	public static void encode(String content, OutputStream output) throws Exception {
		QRCodeUtil.encode(content, null, output, false);
	}

	public static String decode(File file) throws Exception {
		BufferedImage image;
		image = ImageIO.read(file);
		if (image == null) {
			return null;
		}
		BufferedImageLuminanceSource source = new BufferedImageLuminanceSource(image);
		BinaryBitmap bitmap = new BinaryBitmap(new HybridBinarizer(source));
		Result result;
		Hashtable<DecodeHintType, String> hints = new Hashtable<DecodeHintType, String>();
		hints.put(DecodeHintType.CHARACTER_SET, CHARSET);
		result = new MultiFormatReader().decode(bitmap, hints);
		String resultStr = result.getText();
		return resultStr;
	}

	public static String decode(String path) throws Exception {
		return QRCodeUtil.decode(new File(path));
	}

	public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
		String text = "http://www.baidu.com";
		// 生成带logo的二维码
//		 QRCodeUtil.encode(text, "d:/180.jpg", "d:/MyWorkDoc", true);
		// 生成不带二维码的logo图片
		 QRCodeUtil.encode(text, null, "d:/MyWorkDoc", true);
//		drawImage("D:/MyWorkDoc/11719558.jpg", 1);
	}

	/**
	 * 打印二维码
	 * @param fileName
	 * @param count
	 */
	public static void drawImage(String fileName, int count) {
		try {
			DocFlavor dof = null;

			if (fileName.endsWith(".gif")) {
				dof = DocFlavor.INPUT_STREAM.GIF;
			} else if (fileName.endsWith(".jpg")) {
				dof = DocFlavor.INPUT_STREAM.JPEG;
			} else if (fileName.endsWith(".png")) {
				dof = DocFlavor.INPUT_STREAM.PNG;
			}
			// 获取默认打印机
			PrintService ps = PrintServiceLookup.lookupDefaultPrintService();

			PrintRequestAttributeSet pras = new HashPrintRequestAttributeSet();
//			pras.add(OrientationRequested.PORTRAIT);
//			pras.add(PrintQuality.HIGH);
			pras.add(new Copies(count));
			pras.add(MediaSizeName.ISO_A10); // 设置打印的纸张

			DocAttributeSet das = new HashDocAttributeSet();
			das.add(new MediaPrintableArea(0, 0, 1, 1, MediaPrintableArea.INCH));
			FileInputStream fin = new FileInputStream(fileName);

			Doc doc = new SimpleDoc(fin, dof, das);
			DocPrintJob job = ps.createPrintJob();

			job.print(doc, pras);
			fin.close();
		} catch (IOException ie) {
			ie.printStackTrace();
		} catch (PrintException pe) {
			pe.printStackTrace();
		}
	}

}


所需jar  

http://download.csdn.net/detail/yyhlichao/9421773

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