如何将XML的一部分转换为数据框? (正确)

我试图从ClinicalTrials.gov的XML文件中提取信息.该文件按以下方式组织:

<clinical_study>
  ...
  <brief_title>
  ...
  <location>
    <facility>
      <name>
      <address>
        <city>
        <state>
        <zip>
        <country>
    </facility>
    <status>
    <contact>
      <last_name>
      <phone>
      <email>
    </contact>
  </location>
  <location>
    ...
  </location>
  ...
</clinical_study>

我可以在以下代码中使用CRAN的R XML包从XML文件中提取所有位置节点:

library(XML)
clinicalTrialUrl <- "http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01480479?resultsxml=true"
xmlDoc <- xmlParse(clinicalTrialUrl, useInternalNode=TRUE)
locations <- xmlToDataFrame(getNodeSet(xmlDoc,"//location"))

这样做很好.但是,如果您查看数据框,您会注意到xmlToDataFrame函数将< facility>下的所有内容集中在一起.成一个连接的字符串.解决方案是编写代码以逐列生成数据框,例如,您可以生成

您可以先将XML展平.

flatten_xml <- function(x) {
  if (length(xmlChildren(x)) == 0) structure(list(xmlValue(x)), .Names = xmlName(xmlParent(x)))
  else Reduce(append, lapply(xmlChildren(x), flatten_xml))
}

dfs <- lapply(getNodeSet(xmlDoc,"//location"), function(x) data.frame(flatten_xml(x)))
allnames <- unique(c(lapply(dfs, colnames), recursive = TRUE))
df <- do.call(rbind, lapply(dfs, function(df) { df[, setdiff(allnames,colnames(df))] <- NA; df }))
head(df)

 #          city      state   zip       country     status          last_name        phone                    email               last_name.1
 # 1  Birmingham    Alabama 35294 United States Recruiting Louis B Nabors, MD 205-934-1813          bnabors@uab.edu        Louis B Nabors, MD
 # 2      Mobile    Alabama 36604 United States Recruiting Melanie Alford, RN 251-445-9649     malford@usouthal.edu    Pamela Francisco, CCRP
 # 3     Phoenix    Arizona 85013 United States Recruiting     Lynn Ashby, MD 602-406-6262           LASHBY@CHW.EDU            Lynn Ashby, MD
 # 4      Tucson    Arizona 85724 United States Recruiting         Jamie Holt 520-626-6800 jholt1@email.arizona.edu Baldassarre Stea, MD, PhD
 # 5 Little Rock   Arkansas 72205 United States Recruiting   Wilma Brooks, RN 501-686-8530       ALEubanks@uams.edu       Amanda Eubanks, APN
 # 6    Berkeley California 94704 United States  Withdrawn               <NA>         <NA>                     <NA>                      <NA>
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